PDF Technology Transfer: From Invention to Innovation

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Kramer, D. Physics Today 61 , 20 — 22 Litan, R. Policy Econ. Foley, H. Mgmt 55 , 12 — 17 Pressman, L. Nature Biotechnol. Evans, J. Busch, L. Contact Brian D. For the best commenting experience, please login or register as a user and agree to our Community Guidelines.

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  • Illustration by David Parkins. Stoeber, B. Article Litan, R. Article Pressman, L. Article Busch, L. Related stories and links From nature. Author information Affiliations Brian D. Kyriakos Drivas is a postdoctoral research economist at the Agricultural University of Athens, Greece, and a research fellow at the University of Piraeus, Greece.

    Stephen A. Corresponding author Correspondence to: Brian D. Wright Author details Brian D. Wright Contact Brian D.

    Landscapes of Technology Transfer: Engaging IP for Seed Access and Agricultural Innovation

    Sign up. Many of these initiatives are explicitly multi-institutional, requiring extensive collaboration with our peer universities and their tech transfer offices. In addition, Translational Therapeutics TRx Resource was launched in , in collaboration with the Irving Institute for Clinical and Translational Research and The Clinical Trials Office, to advance novel therapeutics from the lab towards the path of commercialization and clinical implementation. CTV also runs an Executive-in-Residence program , which brings seasoned industry executives, serial entrepreneurs, and investors to campus to support faculty and student entrepreneurial activities.

    If you have any questions, or need support please do not hesitate to contact the Office of Innovation. The Office will examine your ROI for completeness within three 3 weeks following its submission as an online disclosure. If any information is missing, the inventors will have ninety 90 days after receipt of our request to complete the missing information, otherwise the ROI will be automatically rejected.

    This also applies to creators of software. Once the potential Inventors are identified, the Office of Innovation and Partnerships and external patent counsel will help to differentiate actual Inventors from contributors who only provided experimental or other support.

    Technology Transfer in the 21st Century - Helge Seetzen & Bob Lucky - TEDxNavesink

    Inventorship is defined by patent law. It is advisable to discuss all collaboration partners related to the invention with the Office prior to filing the Report of Invention to understand the implications for the future of the invention. Should the technology be jointly owned, McGill will establish an interinstitutional agreement with the other institution s in which responsibilities like leadership of patent protection and licensing efforts are distributed and the sharing of expenses and potential licensing revenues are determined.

    The Importance of Technology Transfer

    Before devoting financial and physical resources, McGill needs to determine whether a technology has commercial potential and if the invention should be protected via patent or copyright. The researchers play a key role in the assessment, as they have the deepest knowledge of the invention and may have already received external technical feedback on the technology. Some specific contributions include:. If the assessment is positive, the invention will move to the next phase of the technology transfer process, where the strategy for protecting and commercializing the technology will be developed as part of the commercialization plan.

    If the assessment is negative, the invention will be declined by the Office of Innovation the Office. A patent gives the patent owner the right to exclude third parties from making, using, selling, and importing the protected invention. Each country governs their own patents. These organizations employ patent examiners skilled in all technical fields in order to appraise patent applications. These offices also issue trademark registrations. Patentable subject matter includes processes, machines, compositions of matter, articles of manufacture, and methods, specifically the ones that leave an indication in the final product so that a method patent can be enforced.

    However, each jurisdiction has its specific restrictions. Software can possibly be patented, but it is challenging. Formulae and algorithms are generally not patentable, so a careful review of software and its functionality must be completed. Additionally, we have been successful commercializing software without any patents and given the time to market for software products, the technology may be obsolete before the patent is issued.

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    The only country jurisdiction defining an inventor by law is the United States, where an inventor is a person who conceptualized the invention as described in the claims of a patent application. As the claims may be changed during prosecution of the application, even the inventors can change. Inventorship is best confirmed by the patent agent prosecuting the application.

    Monetary contribution to making the invention is not sufficient to be considered an inventor. Patent attorneys or patent agents draft, file, and support the prosecution of patent applications. The Office of Innovation the Office works with external patent specialists in different technology areas. Inventors work with the patent counsel in drafting the patent applications and responses to worldwide patent offices. The cost of patent prosecution is expensive. After issuance, maintenance fees have to be paid, and these costs increase with time. What if I publicly disclose my research results before filing?

    Can I still get a patent?

    The Innovation Incubator: Technology Transfer at Stanford University

    Publishing or presenting your invention before submitting a patent application has an impact, and may prevent a patent filing. The Office of Innovation and Partnerships would like to know about your invention before you publish, lecture, present posters, abstracts, website descriptions, posts on social media, submit research proposals or theses, or offer the invention to a third party. Is a patent like a publication, where the order of the authors relates to their contribution?

    A patent application is not like a publication. There is no distinction between inventor contributions on a patent application. This nonprovisional patent application is the one which will be examined. The US provisional patent application still preserves patent rights, postpones costly patent prosecution, and allows for the addition of new examples. What if I want to file a patent application around the world but have published my invention? While the US, Canada and Australia have a grace period, where you can publish and still file a patent application until the one-year anniversary of the publication, foreign patent protection depends strictly on novelty.

    International patents do not exist. However, the Patent Cooperation Treaty PCT , an international agreement signed by most industrialized nations, is a place-holder to provide time to determine in which jurisdictions an invention should be protected.

    The PCT application must be filed no later than twelve 12 months after the priority date of an application, and will have to be converted into national patent applications depending on the jurisdiction within 30 months US to 42 months Canada of the earliest claimed filing date. The content of US provisional applications and their subsequent US utility or PCT filings is published 18 months after the initial priority date.